At the beginning of the 21st century, research into fundamental neuronal processes had made great progress and was steadily gaining momentum. The question of how the human brain works governed the neurosciences; this topic gained importance in a scientific and social context, in particular with regard to medical diagnostics and therapy. In order to remain internationally competitive as a research location and to be able to shape the scientific discourses of the future, the Bernstein Network funding initiative was created.
Projects and collaborations funded in the course of this initiative were therefore set up across disciplines. Traditionally, Bernstein research always linked experimental and theoretical research groups. Over the course of a decade, a nationwide research network was established in Germany under the name “National Bernstein Network Computational Neuroscience” (NNCN).